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Madeleine K. Albright was the 64th Secretary of State of the United States; she was the first female Secretary of State and became, at that time, the highest ranking woman in the history of the U.S. government. From 1993 to 1997, Dr. Albright served as the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations and was a member of the President’s Cabinet. From 1989 to 1992, she served as President of the Center for National Policy. Previously, she was a member of President Jimmy Carter’s National Security Council and White House staff and served as Chief Legislative Assistant to U.S. Senator Edmund S. Muskie.
Dr. Albright is currently a Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service. She chairs both the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs and the Pew Global Attitudes Project and serves as president of the Truman Scholarship Foundation.
Secretary of State 1997-2001
William Cohen was elected to the Senate in 1978; and became chairman of two powerful subcommittees, the Armed Services Committee’s Seapower and Force Projection Subcommittee and the Governmental Affairs Committee’s Government Oversight Subcommittee. Secretary Cohen also was a member of the Select Committee on Intelligence for a decade. President Clinton asked Secretary Cohen to lead the Department of Defense, the first time in modern U.S. history that a President has chosen an elected official from the other party to be a member of his cabinet.
After 31 years of public service, Secretary Cohen leaves behind a record of unparalleled accomplishment, integrity, and respect, and takes with him unrivaled knowledge, reputation, and relationships, across America and around the globe.
Secretary of Defense 1997-2001
Dr. Paula J. Dobriansky was Senior Vice President and Global Head of Government and Regulatory Affairs at Thomson Reuters from 2010-2012. During this time, she also held the Distinguished National Security Chair at the U.S. Naval Academy. From May 2001 to January 2009, Dr. Dobriansky served as Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs (longest serving in history.) Some of her other government appointments include Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, and Director of European and Soviet Affairs at the National Security Council.
Dr. Dobriansky is currently is a Senior Fellow at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Chair of the National Board of Directors of the World Affairs Councils of America.
Undersecretary of State 2001-09
Slade Gorton became a Washington state representative in 1958; he went on to serve as State House majority leader. In 1968, he was elected attorney general of Washington state, where he argued 14 cases before the Supreme Court. He later represented Washington State in the United States Senate for 18 years, from 1982-2000 and also served as a Commissioner on the 9/11 Commission. While in the Senate, Gorton served on the Appropriations, Budget, Commerce, Science and Transportation, and Energy and Natural Resources Committees. He was also a member of the Republican leadership as counsel to the Majority Leader (1996-2000). Gorton
Mr. Gorton is of counsel at Preston Gates & Ellis LLP, and previously served on the Board of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. In 2001, Gorton also served on the National Commission on Federal Election Reform.
Senator (R-WA) 1981-87, 1989-2001
Lee H. Hamilton was previously the Director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and served for thirty-four years as a United States Congressman from Indiana. During his tenure in Congress, he served as Chairman and Ranking Member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, and chaired the Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East from the early 1970s until 1993. Mr. Hamilton also served as Chairman of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran, and was Vice-Chairman of the 9/11 Commission.
Mr. Hamilton currently serves as Director of the Center on Congress at Indiana University, and is a member of the advisory council for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Congressman (D-IN) 1965-99
Gary Hart was a United States Senator for Colorado from 1975 to 1987. During his twelve years in the Senate, he served on the Armed Services Committee, the Senate Environment Committee, Budget Committee, and Intelligence Oversight Committee. He was co-chair of the U.S. Commission on National Security for the 21st Century.
He was president of Global Green, the U.S. affiliate of Mikhail Gorbachev’s environmental foundation, Green Cross International. He is a founding member of the Board of Directors of the U.S.-Russia Investment Fund, a former member of the Defense Policy Board, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Senator Hart is Senior Counsel to Coudert Brothers, a multinational law firm, and has been Visiting Fellow, Chatham Lecturer, and McCallum Memorial Lecturer at Oxford University.
Senator (D-CO) 1975-87
Dr. Hauser served on the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board and the Intelligence Oversight Board from 2001 to 2004. She was the Founding Chair of The Advisory Board of the RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy.
She has served as director of The International Institute For Strategic Studies in London, The RAND Corporation, the International Advisory Council of The Lowy Institute for International Policy, Sydney, Australia; and the International Board, The Center for International Governance Innovation (Canada).
Dr. Hauser chairs The International Peace Institute and is Chair of the Advisory Board of the International Crisis Group. She also serves on the Visiting Committee of the John F. Kennedy School at Harvard University, and is Vice-Chairman of the Dean’s Advisory Board at Harvard Law School.
Chair, International Peace Institute 1992-present
Carla A. Hills served as U.S. Trade Representative, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division, U.S. Department of Justice. She now serves as Chair of the National Committee on US-China Relations; Vice Chair of the Council on Foreign Relations and of the Inter-American Dialogue; member of the Executive Committee of the Institute for International Economics and of the Trilateral Commission, Co-Chair of the International Advisory Board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and trustee of the US-China Business Council.
Ambassador Hills is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Hills & Company, International Consultants, which advises companies on global trade and investment issues. In 2000 she was awarded the Aztec Eagle, the highest honor given by the Mexican government to a non-citizen.
US Trade Representative 1989-93
Nancy Kassebaum-Baker was a United States Senator from Kansas (1979-1997). She was a member of the Kansas governmental ethics commission from 1975-1976 and a member of the Kansas committee for the humanities from 1975-1979. She was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate on November 7, 1978, for the six-year term commencing January 3, 1979. She was subsequently appointed by the Governor on December 23, 1978 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James B. Pearson, for the term ending January 3, 1979.
She was reelected in 1984 and again in 1990 and served from December 23, 1978, to January 3, 1997. She served as chairman on the Committee on Labor and Human Resources (One Hundred Fourth Congress).
Nancy Kassebaum Baker
Senator (R-KS) 1978-97
Thomas H. Kean is the former governor of New Jersey (1982-1990) and served on the President’s Education Policy Advisory Committee, as chair of the Education Commission of the States, the National Governor’s Association Task Force on Teaching, and the 9/11 Commission. He also a position with the National Endowment for Democracy. He is chair of the Newark Alliance and the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy and former chair of the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Educate America, and the National Environmental Education and Training Foundation.
Governor Kean is on the board of a number of organizations including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National Council of the World Wildlife Fund.
Governor, New Jersey 1982-90, 9/11 Commission Chair
John Lehman was appointed Secretary of the Navy by President Reagan in 1981 and served until 1987. During his tenure as Secretary of the Navy, Lehman was responsible for building a 600 ship Navy, establishing a strategy of maritime supremacy, and reforming ship and aircraft procurement. He has served as staff member to Henry Kissinger on the National Security Council, as delegate to the Force Reductions Negotiations in Vienna, as deputy director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and as a Commissioner on the 9/11 Commission.
Mr. Lehman is chairman of J.F. Lehman & Company, a private equity investment firm and of OAO Technology Solutions. He also serves as director of Ball Corporation, Insurance Services Office, SDI Inc., Elgar Inc., and Racal Instruments, Inc., and as a member of the Advisory Board of Paribas Affaires Industrielles.
Secretary of the Navy 1981-87
A fifth generation Hoosier who left the United States Senate as the longest serving member of Congress in Indiana history, Senator Lugar is recognized as a gifted local and state leader, as well as a respected national and international statesman. During his tenure in the United States Senate, he exercised leadership on critical issues such as food security, nuclear non-proliferation, energy independence, and free trade.President Barack Obama named Senator Lugar a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Senator Lugar is the President of The Lugar Center and also serves as a Professor of Practice and Distinguished Scholar at the new School of Global and International Studies at Indiana University and a senior transatlantic fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States.
Senator (R-IN) 1977-2013
Donald McHenry served as Ambassador and U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 1979-981. At the time of his appointment, Ambassador McHenry was Ambassador and U.S. Deputy Representative to the UN Security Council, a position to which he was appointed in March 1977. He joined the U.S. Department of State in 1963 and served eight years in various positions related to U.S. foreign policy. In 1973, after leaving the State Department, he joined the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C. as a project director in Humanitarian Policy Studies.
Ambassador McHenry is currently a Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University.
Ambassador to the United Nations 1979-81
Robert C. (Bud) McFarlane was appointed by President Ford as his Special Assistant for National Security Affairs and was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. In 1981 he was appointed by President Reagan and confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Counselor to the Department of State. In 1982 President Reagan appointed Mr. McFarlane as his Deputy National Security Advisor. In 1983 he was appointed by the President as his Special Representative in the Middle East. Following that he was appointed to the Reagan Cabinet as National Security Advisor.
Mr. McFarlane currently serves as the Chairman of McFarlane Associates, is a co-founder (with Dr. Henry Kissinger) and Vice Chair of the America-China Society, serves on the Board of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, and the White House Fellows’ Foundation.
National Security Advisor 1983-85
Considered one of the most influential Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in history, Admiral (Ret.) Mike Mullen takes a fresh approach to the most important geopolitical issues of the 21st century, including America’s position in the world and how economic health directly impacts our National Security.
Mullen oversaw the end of the combat mission in Iraq and the development of a new military strategy for Afghanistan, while promoting international partnerships, new technologies and new counter-terrorism tactics culminating in the killing of Osama bin Laden.Since retiring from the Navy, Mullen has joined the boards of General Motors, Sprint, and the Bloomberg Family Foundation. He is also known for his efforts on behalf of service members, veterans, and their families.
Admiral Michael Mullen (U.S. Navy, Ret.)
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 2007-11
Sam Nunn served as a United States Senator from Georgia for 24 years (1972-1996). During his tenure in the U.S. Senate, Senator Nunn served as chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee and the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. He also served on the Intelligence and Small Business Committees. Senator Nunn has continued his service in the public policy arena as a distinguished professor in the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at Georgia Tech and as chairman of the board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C.
Senator Nunn most recently served co-chairman and chief executive officer of the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), a charitable organization working to reduce the global threats from nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. He
Senator (D-GA) 1972-96
Leon E. Panetta was elected into the U.S. House of Representatives in 1976, and from 1989 to 1993 he chaired the House Budget Committee.
In 1993, Secretary Panetta left Congress to serve as director of the Office of Management and Budget for the incoming Clinton administration, and in 1994 he accepted appointment as the president’s chief of staff. Returning to public service in the Obama Administration as Director of the CIA, he ran the operation that brought Osama bin Laden to justice, and, as Secretary of Defense, led the effort to develop a new defense strategy, helping bring two wars to an end, and opened up opportunities for everyone to serve in the military.
Mr. Panetta currently serves as Chairman of the Panetta Institute for Public Policy and has chronicled his life in public service in his memoir Worthy Fights.
Secretary of Defense 2011-13
William J. Perry c was the 19th Secretary of Defense under President Clinton, serving from February 1994 to January 1997. As Secretary of Defense, he was instrumental in implementing and strengthening the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program. He also served as Deputy Secretary of Defense (1993-1994) and Under Deputy Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering. Dr. Perry received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1997.
Dr. Perry currently serves as the Michael and Barbara Berberian Professor at Stanford University, with a joint appointment in the School of Engineering and the Institute for International Studies. He is also a senior fellow at the Hoover Institute and co-director of the Preventive Defense Project, a research collaboration of Stanford and Harvard Universities.
Secretary of Defense 1994-97
General (Ret.) David H. Petraeus is one of the most prominent U.S. military figures of the post-9/11 era. During his 37-year career in the United States Army, General Petraeus was widely recognized for his leadership of the Surge in Iraq, which and reduced violence in Iraq by well over 85%. After General Petraeus’ retirement from the military, and following confirmation by the Senate with a vote of 94-0, he served as Director of the CIA, during which time the Agency played the central role in a number of important achievements in the global war on terror.
General Petraeus is now a Partner with the global investment ﬁrm KKR and the Chairman of the KKR Global Institute.
General David Petraeus (U.S. Army, Ret.)
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency 2011-12
Thomas Pickering served as U.S. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 1997-2006. He has served as U.S. ambassador to the Russian Federation, India, Israel, El Salvador, Nigeria, and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
From 1989 to 1992, he served as Ambassador and Representative to the United Nations in New York. He also served as Executive Secretary of the Department of State and Special Assistant to Secretaries William P. Rogers and Henry A. Kissinger from 1973 to 1974. Between 1959 and 1961, he served in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the State Department, and in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
Mr. Pickering is Vice Chairman of Hills & Co., International Consultants, having retired in 2006 as a Boeing senior vice president for International Relations and a member of the Boeing Executive Council.
Undersecretary of State 1997-00
George Shultz served as a senior staff economist on the President Eisenhower’s Council of Economic Advisors. He was later appointed Secretary of Labor by President Nixon in 1969. In June 1970, he became Director of the Office of Management and Budget. In May 1972, he was named Secretary of the Treasury. Mr. Shultz also served as Chairman of the Council on Economic Policy, and later as Secretary of State under President Reagan(1982-89). In January 1989, Mr. Shultz was awarded the Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor.
After leaving office, Mr. Shultz rejoined the Bechtel Group as Director and Senior Counselor. He also rejoined Stanford as professor of international economics at the Graduate School of Business and as Distinguished Fellow at the Hoover Institution.
Secretary of State 1982-89
Frances Townsend served as Assistant to President George W. Bush for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism and chaired the Homeland Security Council from May 2004 until January 2008. She also served as Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Combating Terrorism from May 2003 to May 2004.
Prior to serving the President, Ms. Townsend was the first Assistant Commandant for Intelligence for the U. S. Coast Guard. Before that, Ms. Townsend spent 13 years at the U.S. Department of Justice. Ms. Townsend chairs the Board of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance.
Ms. Townsend is the Senior Vice President of Worldwide Government, Legal and Business Affairs at MacAndrews and Forbes Holdings, Inc. She is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission, and is a contributor for CNN as a counterterrorism, national and homeland security expert.
Homeland Security Advisor 2004-08
Frank Wisner previously served as Ambassador to India from 1994‐1997, as well as to Zambia (1979‐82), Egypt (1986‐91), and the Philippines (1991—92). Mr. Wisner has served in a number of positions in the U.S. government, including Undersecretary of Defense for Policy (1993‐94), Undersecretary of State for International Security Affairs (1992‐93), Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs (1982‐86), and Deputy Executive Secretary of the Department of State (1977).
Today Mr. Wisner is an International Affairs Advisor at Patton Boggs, LLP and a member of the Boards of Directors of EOG Resources and Ethan Allen.
Undersecretary of State 1992-93